JEE Mains & Advanced
The Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) is an All-India Common Entrance Exam for getting admissions into engineering colleges across India. JEE Main will be conducted twice a year in the month of January and April respectively by the National Testing Agency (NTA).
It is conducted in two phases: JEE Main and JEE Advanced. If the student clears the given cut-off for JEE Main, then the student qualifies for JEE Advanced. With a JEE Main score one can apply to institutions like NITs, IIITs and other Central or State Funded Institutes. Whereas, IITs and ISM, Dhanbad consider the results of JEE Advanced for admissions. From 2020 the examination will be held only in the computer based mode.

Eligibility Criteria:
Age:
General category candidates must have been born on or after 1st October, 1994. SC, ST and PWD candidates must have been born on or after 1st October, 1989.

Subjects:
The student must have studied at least 5 subjects in 10+2. Physics and Mathematics are compulsory subjects. Chemistry, Biotechnology, Biology or Technical vocational are the other subjects to select from.

Score in 12th standard or equivalent exam:
General category candidates require a minimum score of least 75% or should be in the top 20 percentile in their respective 12th board or equivalent examination. For an SC or ST candidate, the minimum score is 65%.

Year of passing 12th standard or equivalent exam:
The student must have passed Class 12th or any equivalent qualifying examination in the years 2017, 2019 or 2020.

Aadhar Card requirement:
One needs a registered Aadhaar Card Number to be eligible to apply for JEE Main.

Number of attempts:
One can attempt JEE Main twice in a year - once in January and once in April. The best score will be considered for qualifying into JEE Advanced and admissions to colleges. The student can attempt JEE Advanced only for 2 consecutive years.

Exam Pattern for JEE Main:
The JEE Main 2020 Examination is divided into two parts:

Paper 1 for B.E. and B. Tech. (Computer based only)
Paper 2 for B. Arch. & B. Planning (Pen and paper only)

Paper 1

Particulars Details
Subjects Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics
Type of questions Objective (MCQs) & Blank Type Questions
Mode of examination CBT (Computer based mode only)s
Exam duration 3 Hours
Number of questions 75 (25 questions from each subject)
Marking scheme 4 marks awarded for each correct answer
Negative marking 1/4 marks deducted for each Objective Type incorrect response


Paper 2

Sections Type of Question
Section 1: Mathematics - Objective (MCQs)
Section 2: Aptitude test - Objective (MCQs)
Section 3: Drawing Test
Exam duration 3 Hours


Exam pattern for JEE Advanced:
JEE Advanced is one of the most unpredictable exams. The paper pattern is different every year with a different marking scheme, hence students should go through previous years' papers to get a fair idea. Looking at the previous years' papers, certain trends have been identified, however, they are subject to change. JEE Advanced usually consists of two papers of 3 hours each. The marks, however, vary.

Here are the types of questions asked in JEE Advanced over the years:
  • Single choice MCQs
  • Multiple correct MCQs
  • Integer answer type questions
  • Matrix match type
  • Passage comprehension type
NEET
National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) is a national level medical entrance exam. It is organized to provide admissions in MBBS, BDS & Ayush Courses. All major dental and medical colleges offer students admission on the basis of their NEET scores, excluding AIIMS and JIPMER.
There are 63,985 medical seats in private, central and state-funded institutions under NEET.

Eligibility Criteria:
Age:
The minimum age limit for all candidates is 17 years on or before 31st December of the year of admission. The maximum age limit for NEET is 25 years for general candidates and 30 years for reserved candidates.

Subjects:
A student must have studied Physics, Chemistry, Biology, any other elective subject with English.

Score in 12th or equivalent examination:
As a general category candidate, the student requires a minimum aggregate score of 50% in your 10+2 or equivalent examination.

As an OBC, SC or ST candidate, the student requires a minimum aggregate score of 40%.

As a SC-PH, ST-PH or OBC-PH candidate, the student requires a minimum aggregate score of 40%.

As a PH, PwD or Gen-PH candidate, the student requires a minimum aggregate score of 45%.

Number of attempts:
One can attempt the exam as many times as one wants till the age of 25.

Exam pattern:
The 2020 NEET examination will be conducted through offline mode (paper based). It will contain only one question paper which comprises 180 questions. Questions will be objective type. Each question will contain four optional answers. The question papers will be composed of four sections i.e. Physics, Chemistry, Botany and Zoology.
IMO
The International Mathematical Olympiad (IMO) is the world championship mathematics competition for high school students and is held annually in a different country. The first IMO was held in 1959 in Romania, with 7 countries participating. It has gradually expanded to over 100 countries from 5 continents. The IMO board ensures that the competition takes place each year and that each host country observes the regulations and traditions of the IMO


Eligibility Criteria:
Students of classes 1 to 12 are eligible to appear for the 1st level Olympiads. There is no other eligibility criterion like minimum marks.

Selection process:
Level 1:
As mentioned, anyone from classes 1 to 12 can appear for the Level 1 exam, post which Level 2 exam takes place.
Level 2:
Top 5% of students’, class wise, who appear for the 1st level exam. Zone wise top 25 rank holders, class wise. Class toppers from each participating school, where at least 10 students from a class appear in the exam, and score 50% qualifying marks. In case, the registration is received section wise, students with highest marks, irrespective of section will qualify for the 2nd level. For section wise registrations, winner(s) of gold medal may not necessarily qualify for the second level. Students from classes 1 and 2 are not required to appear for the 2nd level exam and are ranked based on their performance in the first level exam.

Exam pattern:
For classes 1st to 4th:
The student has to answer 35 questions in 60 minutes. There will be a separate question paper for each class.
Question paper will have four sections:
Section I – Logical Reasoning (10 questions)
Section II – Mathematical Reasoning (10 questions)
Section III – Everyday Mathematics (10 questions)
Section IV – Achievers Section (5 questions)

For classes 5th to 12th:
The student has to answer 50 questions in 60 minutes. There will be a separate question paper for each class.

Question paper will have four sections:
Section I - Logical Reasoning (15 questions)
Section II - Mathematical Reasoning (20 questions)
Section III - Everyday Mathematics (10 questions)
Section IV - Achievers Section (5 questions)

Sample Model Test Papers:
KYPY
The Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahan Yojana (KVPY) is a National Program of Fellowship in Basic Sciences, initiated and funded by the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, to attract exceptional and highly motivated students for pursuing basic science courses and research careers in science.


Official Notification Timeline:
The advertisement for the KVPY Scholarship exam appears in all the national dailies usually on Technology Day (May 11) and the Second Sunday of July every year.

Selection Criteria:
Based on the performance in the aptitude test, short-listed students are called for an interview which is the final stage of the selection procedure. For receiving a fellowship, both aptitude test and interview marks are considered. Generous fellowship and contingency grant are provided to the selected KVPY Fellows up to the pre Ph.D. level or 5 years whichever is earlier.

Eligibility:
Students presently pursuing studies in Class XI, XII (of the regular 10 + 2 scheme of study) or pursuing first year of study in a basic science stream of a three year Bachelor program or a five year Integrated Masters Program are eligible to apply. Read on for more specific details:

(a) Stream SA: Students should be enrolled in XI Standard (Science Subjects) during the given academic year and should have secured a minimum of 80% (70% for SC/ ST/ PWD) marks in aggregate in MATHEMATICS and SCIENCE subjects (Physics/ Chemistry/ Biology) in the X Standard Board Examination. If the students have obtained a letter grade in the qualified examination, they are requested to convert it into an appropriate % marks and fill-up the application form.

(b) Stream SB: Students enrolled in the 1st Year of an undergraduate program in sciences (B.Sc./B.S./ B.Stat./B.Math./Int. M.Sc./M.S.) during the given academic year and having secured a minimum of 60% (50% for SC/ST/PWD) marks in aggregate in Science subjects (Physics/ Chemistry/ Biology) in the XII/ (+2) Standard Board Examination. In the 1st year final examination B.Sc./B.S./B.Math./B.Stat./Int. M.Sc./M.S. they must secure 60% (50% for SC/ST/PWD) marks before taking up the fellowship, if awarded.

(c) Stream SX: Students enrolled in XII standard / (+2) during the given academic year and aspiring to join an undergraduate program in Basic Sciences (B.Sc./B.S./B.Stat./B.Math./Int. M.Sc./M.S.) for the consecutive academic session provided they have secured a minimum of 80% (70% for SC/ST/PWD) marks in aggregate in MATHEMATICS and SCIENCE subjects (Physics/ Chemistry/ Biology) in the X Standard Board Examination. They must secure 60% (50% for SC/ST/PWD) marks in aggregate in MATHEMATICS and SCIENCE subjects (Physics/ Chemistry/ Biology) in the XII standard Board Examination before taking up the fellowship, if awarded.
NSO
The National Science Olympiad (NSO) is a yearly competitive exam conducted for school students. Organized by the Science Olympiad Foundation (SOF), this exam aims at cultivating scientific reasoning and logical ability among the students through a rigorous test.
The Science Olympiad Foundation primarily instills scientific curiosity and vigour in young students through competitive exams.

Eligibility Criteria:
Any student from class 1 to class 12 of boards CBSE / SSC / ICSE can appear for the exam.

Selection Process:
There are two levels:
Level 1: Any one can appear from the school.
Level 2: The top 5% of students (class-wise) who appear for the first level exam. The top 25 rank holders state-wise. Class toppers from each participating school; where at least 10 students participate and score a minimum of 50%.

Exam Pattern
Classes 1 to 4
Particulars
Details
Subjects
Science, Mathematics and Logical Reasoning
Type of questions
Objective (MCQs)
Mode of examination
Written Test
Exam duration
1 hour
Number of questions
35 questions
Languages
English
Marking scheme
1 mark awarded for each correct answer
(Science and Logical Reasoning)

2 marks awarded for each correct answer
(Achievers Section)
Negative marking
No negative marking

Classes 5 to 10
Particulars
Details
Subjects
Science, Mathematics and Logical Reasoning
Type of questions
Objective (MCQs)
Mode of examination
Written Test
Exam duration
1 hour
Number of questions
50 questions
Languages
English
Marking scheme
1 mark awarded for each correct answer
(Science and Logical Reasoning)

3 marks awarded for each correct answer
(Achievers Section)
Negative marking
No negative marking

Classes 11 and 12
Particulars
Details
Subjects
Physics, Chemistry and Maths/Biology
Type of questions
Objective (MCQs)
Mode of examination
Written Test
Exam duration
1 hour
Number of questions
50 questions
Languages
English
Marking scheme
1 mark awarded for each correct answer
(Physics, Chemistry, Maths and Biology)

3 marks awarded for each correct answer
(Achievers Section)
Negative marking
No negative marking

Here is the marking scheme for the first level examination:
Subject
No. of Questions
Total Marks
Classes 1 to 4
Logical Reasoning 5 (1 mark per
question)
5
Science 25 (1 mark per question) 25
Achievers Section 5 (2 marks per question) 10
Grand Total 35 40
Classes 5 to 10
Logical Reasoning 10 (1 mark per
question)
10
Science 35 (1 mark per
question)
35
Achievers section 5 (3 marks per
question)
15
Grand Total 50 60
Classes 11 to 12
Physics and Chemistry 25 (1 mark per
question)
25
Achievers section 5 (3 marks per
question)
15
Mathematics or Biology 20 (1 mark per
question)
20
Grand Total 50 60

Here is the marking scheme for the second level examination:
Subject
No. of Questions
Total Marks
Classes 3 to 4
Science 30 (1 mark per question) 30
Achievers section 5 (2 marks per question) 10
Grand Total 35 40
Classes 5 to 10
Science 45 (1 mark per question) 45
Achievers section 5 (3 marks per question) 15
Grand Total 50 60
Classes 11 to 12
Physics and Chemistry 25 (1 mark per question) 25
Achievers section 5 (3 marks per
question)
15
Mathematics or Biology 20 (1 mark per
question)
20
Grand Total 50 60
NSTSE
The NSTSE stands for National Level Science Talent Search Examination. A student, irrespective of his class who achieves 100% marks is awarded a prize of Rs. 2,00,000. If no student achieves this, then the student who achieves the highest percentage of marks among all the classes, is awarded Rs.1,00,000.
NSTSE is conducted by the Unified Council, a professionally managed progressive organization, with an objective to identify and nurture the best brains or the young science virtuosos of the country.

Syllabus:
NSTSE is based on the CBSE syllabus and 85% of it is considered for setting the NSTSE question paper. The question papers are also suitable for students following ICSE/ISC and various other state board syllabi.

Eligibility criteria:
Students of classes 2 to 10, Class 11 (PCM), Class 11(PCB), Class 12 (PCM), Class 12 (PCB) are eligible to participate in this examination.

Selection process:
The NSTSE exam is conducted at two levels. Level 1 is conducted at the schools and at some selected test centers. The top 500 participants from Class 2 to 12 across the nation, along with the top 20 from each class are selected for Level 2. Level 2 is conducted at the nearest State Headquarters. On the basis of this test, the final NSTSE results are declared.
NTSE
National Talent Search Exam (NTSE) is a scholarship programme conducted by NCERT, as a part of their National Talent Search Scheme launched way back in 1963 with an objective to identify talented students and encourage them to pursue higher education.
The scheme provides financial assistance to meritorious students in the form of monthly scholarship. Students who are awarded the scholarship receive financial assistance up to PhD level in Social Sciences, Basic Sciences and Commerce. The scheme has undergone many changes in the pattern, structure and various other aspects over the years in response to the changing needs of the children and the conditions of the society. Though, it was initially aimed at motivating deserving students to go for higher studies, with the growing importance to higher education in the present day society, the objective of the programme is more focussed on recognising students with extremely high intellectual abilities and academic excellence. That means, in addition to providing scholarships to students throughout their future academic career, a rewarding performance in NTSE has now become a very valuable addition to the credentials of a child.

No of Scholarships:
As per the present rules of the NTSE scheme, 1000 scholarships are awarded each year.

Details of the Scholarships:
(a) A scholarship of Rs.1250/- per month for class-XI to XII.
(b) A scholarship of Rs.2000/- per month for Undergraduates and Postgraduates.
(c) The amount of Scholarship for PhD will be fixed in accordance with the UGC norms.

Eligibility:
All students studying in recognised schools of class X are eligible to appear for the Stage-I NTS Examination. Student from any board can appear for the examination. The scheme is open only to students of Indian nationality and for those Indian students studying abroad in class 10 can appear directly for Stage-II NTS Examination.

Mode of selection:
The selection process consists of two levels, the preliminary exam (Stage - I) is conducted by the respective state/UT boards generally in the month of November. The students who qualify in Stage - I, appear for Stage - II examination conducted by NTSE generally in the month of May.

Exam pattern:
Section Question Type Area of Assessment
Mental Ability Test (MAT)
  • • Analogies
  • • Classification
  • • Series
  • • Pattern perception
  • • Hidden figures
  • • Coding-decoding
  • • Block assembly
  • • Problem solving etc.
  • • Power of reasoning
  • • Ability to think
  • • Evaluate or discriminate
Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT)
  • • Matching type
  • • Arrange the sequence
  • • True and False statements
  • • Questions based on passages
  • • Science (Physics, Chemistry and Biology)
  • • Mathematics
  • • History
  • • Geography
  • • Political Science
  • • Economics


Language Test (LT)
Another component of the test is the language test.
This test contains 50 questions in English and 50 questions in Hindi.
The candidate has to attempt this test in only one language i.e. either in English or in Hindi.
Stage I
Test No. of Questions Max. Marks
MAT (45 mins) 50 50
LT (45 mins) 50 50
SAT (90 mins) 100 100
Total 200 200


Stage II
Test No. of Questions Max. Marks
MAT (45 mins) 50 50
LT (45 mins) 50 50
SAT (90 mins) 100 100
Total 200 200


Note: In Stage 2 (National Level), there will be negative marking in each paper. For each wrong answer, 1/3 mark will be deducted. No marks will be deducted for unattempted questions.